The Cape Town Agreement, among other things, provides for standards, compliance on the minimum requirements on the design, construction, equipment, and inspection of fishing vessels of 24 meters and above operating on high seas and not the Exclusive Economic Zone.
Signing the Cape Town Agreement at the Ministerial conference on fishing vessel safety and Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in Malaga, Spain on Monday, October 21, 2019, c called on all members of the IMO states to consider signing the Cape Town Agreement.
Madam said Liberia believes that by ratifying the CTA, member states will have the ability to significantly reduce the exploitation of both the oceans and the people who depend on them.
She stated: “The agreement’s entry into force would improve safety and working conditions in one of the most dangerous professions in the world and minimize opportunities for unscrupulous operators to profit from the IUU fishing operations”.
“Let it be known that Liberia, as a coastal state, flag state, and port state, has agreed to sign the CTA and is committed to ensuring compliance in itsNational Fishing vessels inspectorate and Compliance programs,” she furthered.
Disclosing the success story of Liberia in the Maritime world, Madam Glassco intimated that Liberia as the second largest ship registry in the world has made significant strides in ensuring a well-managed and professional maritime system in keeping with international protocol of the highest safety standards.
She indicated: “That Liberia was one of the first countries to sign onto the ILO Convention as well as the 2006 Maritime Labor Convention, adding that Liberia remains committed to ensuring that these international protocols and conventions are fully utilized in the management of its maritime sector.”
The NaFAA boss noted that by the agreement, fisheries is now an independent entity of government by law, as the NaFAA has the responsibility to ensure the proper management of the fisheries sector, covering fish resources, fishing vessels and crew, as well as fisher folks and fish farming.
As a leading National sector entity, Madam Glassco furthered “We have established that the need to adopt international best practices for the governance of the sector cannot be overly emphasized and in achieving same, we have strengthened our Inspectorate program, under the MCS division as well as acceded to several international convention, such as the IWC, FAO Post State Measure Agreement and adopted a National Plan Of Action on IUU”.
“This Cape Town and Torremolinos agreements provide an opportunity to strengthen our already strong compliance program for safety of fishing vessels at sea,” she pointed out.
She acknowledged that since the development of the Torremolinos Agreement and the Cape Town Agreement, Liberia has not signed onto the agreement, as it has been engaged in consultations regarding the terms of the treaties.
She however said: “Today we have recognized that the Agreements provide standards for compliance on the minimum requirements on the design, construction, equipment, and inspection of fishing vessels of 24 meters and above operating on high seas and not the EEZ”.
The NaFAA boss explained that the Liberia Maritime Authority (LiMA) conducts safety inspection to conform to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) convention for merchant ships, while this Agreement empowers the Fisheries Authority and other labor agencies to conduct a safety inspection of fishing vessels and crews in our Port that conforms to our measures of safety.
She noted: “We are aware that the treaty consists of minimum safety measures for fishing vessels that mirror the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) which is an internationally binding treaty on safety for merchant vessels that was entered into force in 1980 and calls for harmonized fisheries, labor, and safety inspections”.
Madam Glassco explained that as acoastal state, committing to the Agreement would provide higher safety standards for fishing vessels operating in our coastal waters. As such, she mentioned that this would include minimizing risk to our nationals who work as crew and our observers on board these foreign-flagged vessels. She disclosed that “Liberia has a 100% Observer coverage for all domestic trawlers”.
A dispatch quoting Madam Glassco indicated that the new standards for compliance may mitigate chance of vessel incidents in their waters such as foundering, fire, capsizing, or collision that would usually require assistance from their maritime authority or coast guard.
Commenting more on the agreement, madam Glassco noted that it would also allow inspection of foreign-flagged vessels and would increase the transparency of the fishing operations, working conditions, and safety standards even if the vessel’s flag State is not a party to the Agreement, noting that“Liberia, as a flag State upholds these minimum safety standards for our global fishing fleet, potentially saving the lives of thousands of fishers operating on the high seas”.
The NaFAA Director General confirmed that “our regular inspections in line with the CTA will make fishing activities and vessels’ safety and working conditions more transparent and safe. Vessel operators will be encouraged to invest in the safety and welfare of their crews, mitigating the exploitation of their crew and additionally, the regular inspections will also discourage vessel operators to fish illegally.
Madam Glassco said “We all are aware, that when illegal or unsafe vessels operate near ports, they increase the risk of collisions and groundings which can require expensive search and rescue operations. Ratifying and implementing the CTA would provide a port State with another route for vessel inspections, improving the safety of vessels operating within its territorial waters and increasing the likelihood that it can identify IUU fishing practices. It would also increase the safety of vessels accepted to our registry, minimizing the risk of incidents that are dangerous, costly, and time consuming to resolve”.
She concluded by stating that the CTA’s entry into force would give States a powerful tool to ensure that vessels flying their flags are held accountable for the safety of their crews; that fishing operations are conducted safely and legally; and that their safety obligations as responsible flag States are fulfilled.
It would encourage vessel operators to adopt a responsible approach to what is an inherently dangerous activity and it would also help States to safeguard their citizens who work on board foreign-flagged vessels and mitigate the risk of IUU fish entering their markets.